The concept of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) was born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio+20, in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universally applicable goals that balances the three dimensions of sustainable development: environmental, social, and economic.At the seventieth session of the UN General Assembly on 25 September 2015, the member states adopted the SDGs. The 193 member states have committed to work towards implementing the goals within their own countries and at the regional and global levels. Total17 Goals with 169 associated targets came into effect on 1 January 2016 which will guide the international development agenda over the next 15 years.

 The 2030 global agenda for sustainable development is a plan of action for the people, planet and prosperity of the humanity. It seeks to transform the world towards an economically growing, socially just and environmentally sound new heights which are mutually inter-related and re-enforcing each other. The global leadership has recognized that eradicating poverty in all its forms and dimensions including extreme poverty and hunger is the greatest global challenge and urgent requirement for sustainable development. The UN took the pledge that no one will be left behind. The 2030 development agenda was accepted by all countries and they are committed to implement the SDGs taking into account the different national realities, capabilities and level of development.

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